Head Position Totally submerged in water
Looking only in one particular direction (either forward or sideward)
One side of the head rests in water
Occasionally look back to check victim
Occasionaly look forward to check surrounding
Body Position  Arched body with hips swaying to one side s Stretch body on the side – relaxed and streamlined
Arm Action Top hand and/or bottom hand starts to pull too soon
Straight arm recovery for top hand
No top and/or bottom hands’ actions Top hand slides close to body to about the chin
Moving backwards
Bend and open phrase
Bottom hand pulls backwards with elbows 90° bent till hand reaches shoulder
Top hand slides close to body to about the chin
Kick Phrase
Bottom hand passed the chin; close elbows to body’s side and quickly push forward as legs kick
Top hand with elbows bent at 90° pushes strongly through the thighs
Glide Phrase
Bottom hand fully extends beyond the head
Top hand fully extends at the thigh; just below water surface
Leg Action Feet are too stiff
Incorrect flexing of ankles during the bend phrase
Moving backwards
Starting to kick too late or too early
Scissors kick – bend, open, kick and glide
Bend at the hips and knees
Open legs apart with top leg moving forward; dorsi-flexed (toes towards shin) front foot ankle and plantar flexed (pointed toes) back foot ankle
Kick with the water pressure felt at the sole of the front foot and upper surface of the back foot
Glide by keeping legs closed together and parallel to the body with toes pointed
Breathing  Infrequent timing for breathing

Water gets in mouth

Through only the mouth during the pull motion of the bottom arm
Hum or blow bubbles while face in water
 Timing  No coordinated movements Bend-open-kick-glide

* For rescue sidestrokes, the more powerful leg action should be furthest away from victim, also, the head may be held above water to watch and reassure victim